Types of Russian Nesting Dolls
You have seen, perhaps, a lot of different nesting dolls. Never thought of that, why are they such a variety? The thing is that there are different types of nesting dolls.
Nowadays you can find not only the usual doll in a headscarf, but the nesting dolls with politicians, depicting architectural monuments, with episodes of cartoons and movies. Where does such a variety of colors and themes for a doll?
nesting dolls quickly became famous all over the world. Every city wanted to create his wooden doll that is different from other styles of painting and manufacturing technology, as well as reflecting the culture of the area. There are two main types of dolls: the traditional and the author. In the standard form of the traditional doll painting and the name of the name to give her a place of its birth.
Traditional nesting dolls
Sergius and Zagorje (in 1930. Sergiev Posad was renamed Zagorsk). In Sergiev Posad was born to light the first nesting dolls. Sergius doll is always chubby girl in a kerchief, knotted, patterned blouse, a smart sarafan and flowered apron. Her painting is very bright, which is based on 3-4 primary colors - yellow, red, blue and green. Clothing line and her face usually have a black outline. She signs gouache and varnish.
Once the most famous workshops for manufacturing nesting dolls in the area - Epiphany, Ivanov and co-operative Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army.
Semenovskaya nesting dolls (Semenov district of the Nizhny Novgorod region). She is very bright, its basic colors - yellow and red. Her clothes - the clothes selchanki unlike Zagorje city woman, with a predominance of floral motifs. A handkerchiefs these nesting dolls often painted with polka dots.
First Semenovskaya gang, manufactures these nesting dolls, appeared in 1929. Although the city is famous for more than its Semenova Khokhloma painting, making nesting dolls was for additional Semenov artisan craft.
In our time in Semenov is factory that makes excellent wooden nesting dolls at an affordable price.
Maidanskii nesting dolls (from Polkhovsky Maidan Nizhny Novgorod region). The main element Polch-Maidanskii nesting dolls - multileaf flower rose, beside it is a few half-open buds. Painted toys begins with the application of the contour drawing ink. Then the product is primed starch, then sign the note. After painting the doll, two or three times covered with clear varnish.
The most famous gang here - "Red Dawn." It used its own experience in the design of wooden nesting dolls, which is very different from their competitors. Their nesting dolls are also distinguished by a variety of forms: large, elongated, primitive, "skaters", etc.
Vyatka nesting dolls. The northernmost doll that has become well known in the 60's. Vyatka always been famous for the products from bark and birch bark in which to create embossed decoration. In this area, not just a painted doll aniline dyes, and adorned her rye straw. This technique was a new design for nesting dolls. For this straw first boiled in soda solution, after which she took on a beautiful sand color. Then it was cut and pasted to a doll, forming patterns.
Tverskaya nesting dolls. In this region, a wooden doll is often portrayed as an historical or fantastic character: Nesmeyana princess, Snow Maiden, Vasilisa the Beautiful. Their hats and dresses are different, which is very attractive children.
Copyright nesting dolls are born in different places of Russia - Moscow, Kirov, Sergiev Posad, St. Petersburg, Tver. Design these nesting dolls depends on the imagination of the artist, the author. The author, as a rule, only slightly reflected in his toy Russian traditions, putting it a new meaning and story. So there are nesting dolls politicians, nesting dolls with scenes from movies and cartoons, as well as Russian folk tales. One doll can tell the whole story.
By Boris Krasnov painted greatest author nesting nesting dolls that are in the shopping center "Afimoll" in Moscow. Their height is 30 meters, they are painted by Gzhel and Khokhlov, Gorodets painting, some illustrated Russian fairy tales.
All types of nesting dolls made of wood, they are always machined and painted by hand. Nesting dolls - a constant source of folk art, it has great potential because of its unique device embedding of one doll to another.
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